According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Colorectal Cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States. The CDC reports that about 140,000 Americans are diagnosed with the disease annually, while more than 50,000 people die from it. This Colorectal Awareness Month, Texans Standing Tall asks that you raise awareness around the increased risks of developing the disease from alcohol use.
For some, risks for colorectal cancer can be attributed to genetics. A family history of polyps in the colon, rectum, or both tremendously increases risks for colorectal cancer. However, lifestyle factors can also increase the risks.
Cancer Research UK points to alcohol consumption as a risk factor for seven different cancers: head and neck, larynx, esophageal, liver, women’s breast, and colorectal. In the United States, it is estimated that 3.5% of all cancer deaths are alcohol-related. In Texas, 58 people die annually from alcohol attributed colorectal cancer.
Though we’ve heard more about the connection between alcohol and cancer in recent years, the concept is nothing new. In fact, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) declared it to be a group 1 carcinogen in 1988. In other words, there is sufficient evidence showing that alcohol consumption can cause cancer.
Research points to several ways that alcohol use can increase cancer risk:
- The ethanol in alcoholic drinks breaks down into a toxic chemical called acetaldehyde, which can damage DNA and proteins.
- Alcohol can create highly reactive molecules called Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) that can also damage DNA.
- Alcohol can impair the body’s ability to break down and absorb nutrients that may be associated with cancer risk.
- Alcohol can increase blood levels of estrogen, which is linked to breast cancer risk.
While there is no “safe” amount to drink when it comes to cancer, research also indicates the more alcohol a person drinks, the higher the risk. By making the following changes, Texans can greatly lower their risks of developing colorectal cancer.
- Limit alcohol intake. Research shows that alcohol consumption is a major risk factor for colorectal cancer.
- Quit smoking. Smoking is generally a risky life choice because of it increases the chances of developing cancer. Drinking and smoking multiplies the risks for certain cancers because alcohol and tobacco work together to damage cells of the body. Alcohol also makes it easier for the body to absorb carcinogens in tobacco.
- Eat a healthy diet. Diets high in red meats and processed meats (like hotdogs and some lunch meats) can raise the risk for colorectal cancer. The American Cancer Society reports that diets that consists of fruits, vegetables, and whole grain fibers have been linked with a lower risk of colorectal cancer.
- Engage in physical activity. Studies show that being more physically active helps lower colorectal cancer risks.
- Educate lawmakers on the benefits of an alcohol excise tax increase. In February, Texans Standing Tall released The Effect of Alcohol Excise Tax Increases on Alcohol-Attributable Cancer Deaths. The document serves as addendum to our full report, The Effect of Alcohol Excise Tax Increases on Public Health and Safety in Texas, and shows that a dime a drink increase would result in 8.62% fewer colorectal cancer deaths in Texas every year. At first, that may not sound like a significant number, but it’s important to remember that those lives being saved are someone’s mother, father, sister, brother, aunt, uncle, cousin, friend, teacher, or coworker.
We must begin protecting our youth and our communities by implementing evidence-based strategies that save lives; increasing alcohol excise tax is one of the most effective ways we can do just that. To learn more check out or full excise tax report and visit TexansStandingTall.org for additional information.